Form 6 in FERC Reporting: Essential Components and Submission Process

October 27, 2023by Team IRIS CARBON0

The Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC) holds a pivotal role in governing and supervising the United States’ energy sector. Within FERC’s regulatory framework, Form 6 stands as a vital instrument, facilitating the acquisition of essential data from energy industry entities. This form not only serves as a cornerstone for ensuring regulatory compliance but also serves as a valuable source of insights into the nation’s energy landscape. In this blog, we will explore the core components of Form 6 and provide a step-by-step walkthrough of the submission process.


If your company operates an oil pipeline under the jurisdiction of the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC), you are likely well-acquainted with the annual regulatory reporting requirement known as the FERC Form 6. This mandatory reporting obligation aims to gather crucial financial and operational data from oil pipeline companies, playing a pivotal role in FERC’s regulatory oversight of the industry.

Understanding FERC Form 6

FERC Form 6, often referred to as the “Annual Report of Oil Pipeline Companies,” is a vital regulatory obligation imposed by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC). This mandatory annual report pertains specifically to companies operating within FERC’s jurisdiction. Its primary objective is to compile critical financial and operational data from these oil pipeline companies. The information gathered through Form 6 serves as a fundamental tool for FERC, enabling the continuous monitoring of company performance and ensuring strict adherence to regulatory standards.

Each year, oil pipeline companies subject to this requirement must diligently complete and submit the FERC Form 6 by the deadline of April 30th. The report encompasses a comprehensive scope, covering the entirety of the previous calendar year. Within its contents, companies are obliged to furnish an array of financial and operational metrics, including but not limited to revenue, expenses, investments, throughput, and more. This collective data is instrumental in providing FERC with a comprehensive overview of the industry’s financial health and operational efficiency.

Exploring FERC Form 6 Users: Who Are They?

FERC Form 6 submissions serve as a valuable resource for a diverse array of stakeholders, encompassing FERC staff, various federal agencies, state regulatory bodies, industry analysts, and the general public. Within this intricate web of users, FERC staff leverages this data to meticulously scrutinize the financial well-being of the energy industry while ensuring strict adherence to regulatory mandates.

Moreover, federal agencies like the Department of Energy often tap into this wealth of information to fuel their own research endeavours and policy development. State regulatory bodies rely heavily on FERC Form 6 data as they execute their pivotal role in overseeing the intricacies of the oil pipeline sector, ensuring adherence to established regulations.

In the realm of industry analysis, this data becomes a treasure trove for analysts who employ it to track industry trends, make informed forecasts about future performance, and contribute to a more comprehensible landscape of the energy sector. Not to be overlooked, the general public is also granted access to FERC Form 6 data via FERC’s online database, allowing them to engage in research and advocacy efforts, bolstering transparency and promoting informed discussions on critical energy-related matters.

FERC Form 6 Data

Now that we’ve explained what FERC Form 6 is and who uses it, let’s dive deeper into the information that’s included in these filings.

FERC Form 6 serves as an exhaustive report, dedicated to amassing financial and operational insights from oil pipeline companies. This reservoir of data serves as a crucial resource for the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission in its mission to diligently oversee and regulate the pipeline industry. Its overarching goals include the promotion of equitable competition and safeguarding consumer interests.

Within FERC Form 6, several key categories of data emerge:

  1. Financial Information: This segment provides a comprehensive portrayal of a company’s financial landscape. It encompasses details on revenues, expenses, profitability, and investments. Additionally, it sheds light on the company’s financial obligations, including debt, equity, and other financial liabilities.
  2. Tariff Information: As an integral aspect of pipeline operations, tariff data is a focal point. This data outlines the rates levied by pipeline companies for the transportation of oil. FERC Form 6 meticulously documents these tariffs, encompassing details such as rates applied, the volume of oil transported, and any incentives or discounts extended to customers.
  3. Capacity Information: A crucial aspect of the report, this section spotlights the available capacity of pipeline companies. It elucidates how much oil they can transport and whether any capacity remains unutilized.
  4. Safety and Security Information: Pipeline companies are required to furnish data regarding their safety and security measures. This includes reporting any accidents, spills, or incidents that transpired during the reporting period, contributing to a comprehensive understanding of safety protocols and incident management.
  5. Environmental Information: Environmental consciousness and responsibility are underscored within Form 6. Pipeline companies must disclose their environmental impact, as well as any measures taken to mitigate their carbon footprint and lessen their environmental impact.
  6. Operational Information: To provide a holistic view, operational data encompasses details on a company’s workforce, the extent of their pipeline network, and any significant ongoing projects or investments.

By gathering all this detailed information about the pipeline industry, FERC can get a better understanding of the market and make sure that companies operate fairly and openly.

FERC XBRL reporting can be complex and time-consuming for energy companies. However, with software solutions like IRIS CARBON®, the process becomes streamlined, efficient, and stress-free. IRIS CARBON® simplifies FERC XBRL reporting and compliance by providing a user-friendly interface that guides you through each step of the process. With automated mapping process and embedded XBRL tags, you can bring in current-year values and textual data without worrying about manual tagging. This platform also runs basic checks and other validations to ensure your report is accurate and compliant. Overall, IRIS CARBON® simplifies FERC XBRL reporting and compliance, saving time and effort and reducing errors and inconsistencies.

IRIS CARBON® FERC Reporting Solutions

FERC reporting software solution can provide a single source of truth where you can aggregate your financial and operational data, refine it, eliminate errors, and stay compliant with accurate and timely filings. With IRIS CARBON® platform, you can:

  • A Collaborative and Secure FERC Reporting Platform – IRIS CARBON® is a cloud-based platform that allows users to collaborate on their FERC XBRL reports seamlessly. Your unpublished financial and operational data is stored in a highly secure environment. Our SOC 1, SOC 2, ISAE 3000, and ISAE 3402 certifications are proof of how secure a working environment we provide.
  • Template-based FERC Reporting with Smart Workflows– We provide ready templates for FERC filers. You can simply upload your data and ensure each data point occupies the right field. You needn’t even know how XBRL tagging is done. Our platform allows organisations to employ smart permission-based workflows. Furthermore, you can keep track of every change made to your report as well as view and restore prior versions of your report if need be.
  • Smart-Review Features and Multiple Output Formats– Our platform makes the document review process hassle-free, allowing internal and external reviewers to raise comments against various sections, issue change requests, seek clarification, and approve sections. Internal users can resolve comments, issue clarifications, and seek approval. Furthermore, users can download the output of their reports in multiple formats such as PDFs or XBRL viewer links.
  • Integrated Validations and Single-click FERC Submission– IRIS CARBON® employs the same XBRL validator that the FERC uses at their end. Users can rest assured that the XBRL files they submit to the FERC will be error-free. Moreover, users can submit their filings to FERC with a single click. A test filing can also be done through the IRIS CARBON® platform before the final filing.


In conclusion, FERC Form 6 is an indispensable tool in the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission’s oversight of the energy industry. It plays a pivotal role in gathering essential financial and operational data from oil pipeline companies, ensuring regulatory compliance, and promoting transparency. The data collected through Form 6 is not only crucial for FERC but also serves various stakeholders, including federal agencies, state regulatory bodies, industry analysts, and the general public, who rely on it for research, policy development, and advocacy efforts.

The detailed information within FERC Form 6, ranging from financial and tariff data to safety, environmental, and operational metrics, provides a comprehensive view of the pipeline industry. It aids FERC in fostering fair competition and safeguarding consumer interests. However, the process of FERC XBRL reporting can be complex, but solutions like IRIS CARBON® simplify and streamline the submission process, saving time and reducing errors.

With IRIS CARBON®, companies can benefit from a collaborative and secure FERC reporting platform, template-based reporting with smart workflows, smart-review features, integrated validations, and a single-click FERC submission process. This software solution ensures accurate and compliant filings, making FERC reporting more efficient and stress-free.

It's time to simplify the FERC reporting process with IRIS CARBON®.

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